The Senate approved on Tuesday (07/11) the Organic Law on Military Police and Firefighters. The text organizes and unifies, at a national level, the rules applied to these categories. The project goes to President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva (PT) for approval. The law ensures that the Fire Department and Military Police (PM) have a state character and are subordinate to the governor of each federative unit. Among the new rules is the prohibition on publishing images of people in police custody without judicial authorization.
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Another section of the approved project provides that the police can create ombudsman offices subordinate to the general commander – and not to the Public Security Secretariat or Executive control bodies, for example.
Use of Force
According to the project, public security agents must practice measured and proportional use of force, as defined by international documents protecting human rights that Brazil has signed. The text provides for this point to be included as a principle of the National Public Security and Social Defense Policy.
The project approved by the Senate make explicit the prohibition of police officers and firefighters from joining a political party or union. This prohibition is provided for by the Constitution, in the case of members of the Armed Forces. Appear armed or in uniform at party political events, unless they are working; disseminate party political opinions, publicly or through social media, using the uniform, rank, degree, or symbol of the institution.
The proposal that is going for sanction establishes rules for military personnel who want to run for an elected position that vary according to the length of their career. If you have less than 10 years of service, the police officer will be removed from active service the day after registering your candidacy with the Electoral Court. Military personnel with more than 10 years of service are placed in the paid reserve only if elected, on the day of their graduation, with remuneration proportional to the length of service.
Bachelor’s Degree in Law
The law approved by Congress also requires that military police officers who assume command, leadership, direction, and higher administration roles in the institution have a bachelor’s degree in law.
In the case of firefighters, some degree is also required, but states can define other areas besides Law.
The text also provides that the position of inspector general of the Military Police and Fire Departments will be held by an active general officer, following the same rules as the Brazilian Army.
Another section that is subject to dissatisfaction gives the security agent the power to carry out environmental inspections, which is seen by the Ministry of the Environment as an invasion of Ibama’s powers. Technicians from the agency even warned about this point during public hearings in the Senate.
According to the project, institutional firearms from military police and military fire departments must be registered in the Military Weapons Management System (Sigma). The private weapons of military police officers and firefighters that appear in their own records will also be registered in Sigma.